Back to Top

Dogs General Health

Dogs General Health Care | Hilton Vet Hospital Fremantle

Vaccination for Dogs

 

Why Vaccinate Your Dog?

Puppies and dogs are at risk from a number of serious infections. However, they can be protected from most of these diseases by a simple vaccination program.

As both dogs and their owners are very mobile it is likely that your pet will come into contact with infections present in unvaccinated puppies and dogs or in the environment.

Vaccination is a cost effective way of protecting your dog or puppy against serious disease and the possible high costs involved in their treatment.

All the vaccines we use are made to the highest standards of safety and effectiveness. Puppies and dogs can be protected from the following infectious diseases by vaccination:

AGE VACCINATION
6 weeks* C3 Vaccinate’s against…

  • Canine Parvovirus
  • Canine Hepatitis
  • Canine Distemper
12 weeks*

C5 Vaccinate’s against…

  • Canine Parvovirus
  • Canine Hepatitis
  • Canine Distemper
  • Canine (Kennel) Cough 
16 weeks*

C5 Vaccinate’s against…

  • Canine Parvovirus
  • Canine Hepatitis
  • Canine Distemper
  • Canine (Kennel) Cough

Canine parvo virus

Canine parvovirus causes severe, debilitating disease in dogs of all ages. Young puppies are most susceptible to infection and the development of severe disease. Dogs and puppies can die within days of contracting the disease.

Signs of parvo viral infection include vomiting, diarrhoea (usually containing blood), severe abdominal pain and depression. Canine parvo virus can remain in the environment for over 12 months.

Canine Distemper

Distemper is a highly contagious and deadly viral disease affecting dogs of all ages. This virus attacks the nervous system and typical signs include fever, discharge from the eyes and nose, respiratory problems, loss of appetite, skin reactions, vomiting, diarrhoea, muscle spasms and convulsions. Dogs that do recover from this disease may have thickened foot pads, damaged teeth, permanent brain damage and progressive paralysis.

Canine Hepatitis

Canine hepatitis is a highly infectious disease which causes liver damage in dogs. Puppies are most at risk and signs of infection include fever, ocular lesions, respiratory signs, jaundice, depression, lack of appetite, diarrhoea and abdominal pain (due to liver enlargement).

The virus is passed by contact with infected dogs and through contact with the urine of infected dogs. It can continue to infect dogs for months after apparent recovery from disease. This virus can also cause long-term kidney and liver problems in older dogs.

Canine Kennel Cough

KC is mostly caused by Bordetella bronchiseptica and Parainfluenza virus. The vaccination is very effective if done once a year, but if there is high exposure to these organisms every six months is recommended. The disease causes a tracheobroncitis with almost constant coughing. With treatment the disease can take 7 to 10 days to improve. We recommend that you vaccinate your dog against KC just before it goes to kennels.

Worming

The most common worms that infect dogs and cats are Roundworm, Hookworm, Whipworm, Flea Tapeworm and Hydatid Tapeworm. To control these worms it is necessary to have a regular worming routine.

We recommend regular worming at least every three months.

 Age  Frequency
2-8 Weeks Worm every 2 weeks
2-3 Months
Worm every month
4 Months + Worm every 3 months
Contact us to get the appropriate wormer for your pets body weight

Heart Worm Prevention

Adult female worms in the dog’s heart produce microscopic embryonic microfilariae which circulate in the peripheral blood. After ingestion, the microfilariae migrate from the mosquito’s midgut, undergo development involving two moults, and after a period of two weeks the infective third stage larvae migrate towards the mosquito’s head. The infected mosquito will then transfer the larvae during feeding on a dog or cat. Following their penetration into the final host, the third stage larvae migrate through body tissue where they develop into fourth stage larvae, then immature adults which finally reach the heart via the venous system. Adults mature in about 6 months and are found in the heart and major vessels. The adults mate, and the female produces millions of microfilariae to circulate in the peripheral blood to renew the cycle. The dog can be severely affected, with major vessels becoming blocked with chronic infections. Death usually results in such cases from heart failure.

Products recommended by Hilton Vet Hospital

Advocate Topspot
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sqXUJAm0T-Q
NexGard Spectra Chewable Treats
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CSKWvHroUT4&t=19s
Proheart Annual Injection
http://www.zoetis.com.au/product-class/proheart-sr-12-injection.aspx

Flea Control

Adult fleas can cause severe flea bite allergic dermatitis in dogs and cats and can be detrimental to the animals’ health. It is essential to use products that are safe for pets and their owners, but also very effective in killing the adult fleas on the animals. A wide variety of very effective products exist. Your vet can assist you in choosing the right product for your circumstances.

Adult fleas spend most of their time feeding off dogs cats and other small animals. The adults make up only 5 % of the total flea population. The other 95 % consist of flea eggs, larvae and pupae that exist in the area where the animals live. This is usually in and around the house.

As fleas are largely an environmental problem, it is essential to vacuum clean carpets and floors to keep flea eggs and larvae to a minimum. Focus on the low traffic areas, under furniture, around edges of rooms and animal resting places. It is a good idea to spray the areas with a IGR (insect growth regulator) synthetic pyrethroid. The IGR specifically inhibits development of the flea larva stage.

Products recommended by Hilton Vet Hospital:

Advantage
http://www.friendsfurever.com.au/FurOPedia/advantage-for-dogs.aspx
NexGard Chewable Treat
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZNRC8GxCtRk

Sterilisation

Surgical sterilisation is the preferred way to go because it is a permanent solution to many behavioural issues and prevention of unwanted pregnancies

Chemical sterilisation is temporary and can be done in male dogs to prevent mating for 6 to 12 months.

Why sterilise your dog?

Dogs are able to start having pups at a very young age, and can potentially deliver many litters.
Surveys indicate that dogs that are not sterilised have an increased risk of being abandoned or surrendered.
In Perth, hundreds of dogs are put down each week and about 20,000-30,000 dogs are destroyed each year. Many more are dumped in areas where their likely fate is death by accident, starvation, disease, or from predators. The numbers escalate over the Christmas and Easter periods.

It is reported that the biggest behavioural effect of sterilisation is the huge reduction in roaming, especially of male dogs. Any reduction in straying dogs has a significant public benefit.

Sterilisation eliminates health problems later in life like prostate enlargement in dogs and infection and cysts of the uterus in bitches.

Ovariohysterectomy (Spay)

An ovariohysterectomy (OHE) or spay is the complete removal of the female reproductive tract. The ovaries, oviducts, uterine horns, and the uterus are removed. Not only does this procedure prevent the animal from becoming pregnant, it also stops her from going on heat twice a year. The surgery removes the source of production of such hormones as estrogen and progesterone. These hormones are responsible for stimulating and controlling heat cycles and play a major role during pregnancy.

Neutering or Castration

In this operation, which is performed under general anaesthetic, both testicles are removed, thus removing the source of sperm and the male sex hormone (testosterone).

At Hilton Vet Hospital we recommend to sterilise both male and female dogs from 6 months of age. Contact us today to find out more and to book your pet in for sterilisation.

A sterilisation subsidy from the Fremantle City Council is available for both cats and dogs. Conditions apply. For further information regarding the subsidy telephone the Service and Information Counter on 9432 9899.

Dog Walking

Dogs need to be kept on a leash in all public places except dog exercise areas.

Dog Exercise Areas Fremantle

  • Rocky Bay foreshore, Rule Street, North Fremantle
  • North Fremantle foreshore, Johanna Street, North Fremantle
  • Beach Street Reserve, Beach Street/Canning Hwy, Fremantle
  • *Fremantle Park, Ellen/Ord Street, Fremantle
  • Knutsford Street Playground, Knutsford/Swanbourne Street, Fremantle
  • Wilson Park, South Terrace/Douro Rd, South Fremantle
  • Parmelia Street Reserve, Parmelia/Chester Street, South Fremantle
  • *Bruce Lee Reserve, South/Caesar Street, Beaconsfield
  • Davis Park, Conway/Edgar Court, Beaconsfield.
  • *Hilton Park, Lefroy/Carrington Street, Hilton.
  • Griffiths Place Reserve, Griffiths Place/Nicholas Crescent, Hilton
  • Grigg Place Park, Grigg Place/Snook Crescent, Hilton
  • Sir Frederick Samson Park, Sellenger/McCombe Avenue, Samson
  • 8 Horrie Long Reserve, Amherst/Forrest Street, Fremantle
  • *Gibson Park, High/Chudleigh Street, Fremantle
  • South Beach Reserve (north of Douro Rd to Sailing Club only), Marine Terrace, South Fremantle.
  • Leighton Beach (area north of railway footbridge), Port Beach Rd, North Fremantle